GRUNDY CENTER - If you have a chronic condition like hypertension or diabetes, a carefully planned diet can have a significant impact on managing your symptoms and improving your health. During national nutrition month, Grundy County Memorial Hospital (GCMH) and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics encourages consumers to develop a healthful eating plan that is centered on personal health concerns and Eat Right, Your Way, Every Day.
"While many people understand the role diet plays in overall health, you can actually prevent and manage specific diseases by eating healthfully, as well," says registered dietitian and Academy spokesperson Angela Lemond.
"For instance, eating heart-healthy foods can help lower high blood pressure, which reduces the risk of both heart attack and stroke. Even if you do not have high blood pressure, eating a heart-healthy diet reduces your chances of heart disease in the future," Lemond says.
Crystal Petersen, RD, LD, Food, Nutrition, and Wellness Manager, is a dietitian at Grundy County Memorial Hospital.
"A healthy eating plan that keeps health concerns in mind will also incorporate individual needs including personal nutrient requirements, food preferences, lifestyle and level of physical activity," Lemond says. She offers tips to "Eat Right, Your Way, Every Day" while also preventing and managing some of the most common food-related medical conditions:
Hypertension and Heart Disease
Balance calories with physical activity to manage weight. Increase the variety of nutrient-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fat-free and low-fat dairy products and seafood. Consume fewer foods with sodium (salt), saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, added sugars and refined grains.
"To successfully manage diabetes, you need to understand how foods and nutrition affect your body," says Lemond. "Good health depends on eating a variety of foods that contain the right amounts of carbohydrates, protein and healthy fats, as well as vitamins, minerals, fiber and water." Eat meals and snacks at regularly scheduled times. Eat about the same amount of food at each meal or snack. Choose healthful foods to support a healthy weight and heart including whole-grain breads, cereals, pastas and rice; vegetables and beans; fruits; lean meat, fish, poultry and tofu; low-fat or fat-free milk, cheese and yogurt; and healthy fats like olive oil. Carbohydrates affect your blood sugar more than protein or fat. Keep track of the amount of carbohydrates you eat to ensure your blood sugar stays in good control.
Food Allergies and Intolerances
"When foods are cut from your diet, you may be short-changing yourself on important vitamins and minerals," says Lemond. "A registered dietitian can help ensure you get the nutrition you need for your health and lifestyle."
Learn about ingredients in foods. Eggs, wheat, milk and other food allergens often are called by other names. Food companies specify on product labels if any major allergens are contained in the food. Read labels carefully. Manufacturers might change ingredients of products without notice, so double-check ingredient labels every time you buy a food, even a familiar one. Talk with your day care, school and workplace. Make sure school faculty and staff are aware of your child's food allergies and that they know how to respond to adverse reactions your child may experience. Similarly, inform your coworkers of allergies you have. Some people are familiar with food allergies and know what to do if a person has a reaction; others may not and will need your help in keeping your risk for exposure low.
Establish a new balance between calories consumed and calories burned through physical activity. Include fiber-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grains, which offer plenty of vitamins and minerals without plenty of calories while keeping you feeling full longer. Watch portion sizes to help manage calorie intake and cut back on empty calories from added sugars.
"No matter which health concern you have, you need a registered dietitian on your team who will work with you to put together a daily meal plan that takes into account your food preferences, level of physical activity and lifestyle," says Lemond.
Grundy County Memorial Hospital has two dietitians, Wendy Brewer, RD, LD; and Crystal Petersen, RD, LD. Dietitians at GCMH provide individual nutrition consultations and group Medical Weight Management classes. For an appointment or to sign up for a class, contact the GCMH at (319) 824-5081 or toll-free (888) 824-5081.
As part of this public education campaign, the Academy's National Nutrition Month website www.eatright.org/nnm/ includes a variety of helpful tips, games, promotional tools and nutrition education resources, all designed to spread the message of good nutrition around the Eat Right, Your Way, Every Day theme.